History of London

Marble Arch
Millenium bridge
Walking around London

London is, and has long been, one of the most important cities in the world. In this article we will review a bit of the history of London to get an idea of ​​why and understand a little better the reasons that have led this city to be so important in later centuries. Let's take a walk through the history of London.


We will separate the history of London in some sections to make it easier to understand the evolution that the city has undergone:


The first population dates from the year 43 AD, although it was not until the year 100 when it prospered enough to be known as the capital of Britain. During the second century, it reached a population of 60,000 people.

At this time, London became characteristic for being the most important city of the border region of the Roman Empire in the north and already, even from there, the differentiation between England and Scotland can be traced that to this day continues generating tensions.

Middle Ages

England suffered numerous attacks by the Vikings in the Middle Ages, until reunification took place and London was placed as the most important city in the country. The construction of the Tower of London took place about a century before. From this moment the city grew without brakes, multiplying by ten its population in just 200 years (XII and XIV centuries). However, in the mid-14th century, with the arrival of the Black Death, the population was reduced to one third. The history of London during this era is deeply marked by this event.

Modern Age

During the Modern Age there were some of the most important changes in England, and therefore in London. Changes such as the passage from Christianity to Protestantism would be decisive for the subsequent history of London. With overseas trade, they managed to get the population to grow by 450% in just 70 years, which gives a good account of the prosperity that reached the city.

The famous works of William Shakespeare date from that time, and, a few years later, the Great Fire of London would take place. Also in these years the Saint Paul's Cathedral was finished, and the literacy of the population was extended, a professional police corps was established, etc.

Contemporary Age

Between 1831 and 1925, London was the largest and most important city in the world, coinciding with the moment of greatest expansion of the British Empire. However, with the entry of England in World War II, this peak, which had already been falling a few years before, ended to decline. Since then, despite being one of the most important countries in the world still in our days, its hegemony worldwide was subordinated to that of the USA.

As you can see, the history of London has a long tradition and has gone through a lot of vicissitudes, which can be reflected in its historical monuments and museums, knowing that its history is part of what they are, and that They must forget it.

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Published by Last update 02/08/2022